In 1882, the State Council of Russia passed a bill assigning funds for constructing a quay on the shoreline of the city of Nikolaev, historically, the establishment of Nikolaev River Port dates back to that event.
The basic construction works of the port were carried out from 1965 till 1969.
Nikolaev River Port provides handling of scrap metal, metals, timber, coal, coke, rolled wire, iron ore concentrate, building materials, agricultural products, etc.
The port’s biggest cargo handling turnover was achieved in 1988. Loading and discharging operations reached 6,912,000 t, and local cargo carriage totals 3,682,000 t. The port also transferred 2,186,000 passengers.
The article is written on the basis of the Mandatory Regulations issued for Nikolaev Merchant Sea Port and affirmed by Director General of Nikolaev MSP on 1.06.2009.
The port’s cargo handling area is situated at: Latitude 46°56?18??N, Longitude 31°57?24??E.
This area is situated in Nikolaev, on the left bank of a curve in the river Yuzhniy Bug, 40 km upstream from where the river falls into Dneprovskiy Liman. The port connects to the Black Sea via the Bugsko-Dneprovsko-Limanskiy Channel (for more detailed information see Nikolaev Merchant Sea Port). The distance from the channel’s entrance to the port is 47 miles.
The port waters are linked to the transit route for ships by the approach channel of 70 m width, 800 m length and 5.8 m depth. Visibility in the approach channel and port waters is 5–10 miles and more. The port waters are protected from winds by a high shoreline to the east, and by a dam to the west.
Nikolaev River Port is navigable all year round.
The port’s river passenger terminal is situated within city limits, 8 km upstream from its cargo area, on the left bank of the Yuzhniy Bug River. The passenger terminal’s position is: Latitude 46°58?36??N, Longitude 31°57?54??E.
A shipmaster or agent must report its ETA to the Harbour Master 72 hrs in advance and reconfirm it 48, 24 and 12 hrs prior to entry. They must also specify the ship owner, charterer, ETA at the pilotage station (reception buoy), the ship’s draught, supply and servicing needs, as well as any sanitary or other circumstances impeding the vessel’s readiness for handling.
Ships’ outward formalities are conducted by an inspector in the office of DMSP port control.
Besides the standard documents, the shipmaster must submit a cargo plan, i.e. diagram of cargo securing with calculations of vessel’s stability both at departure and arrival time.
Entry and departure of vessels to/from the port is carried out 24 hours a day subject to acceptable navigational and hydro-meteorological conditions but the movement along Spasskiy channel from the roadstead of SE NRP to the roadstead of SE NMSP at night is prohibited. Transit ships and local vessels must inform the Port Control and Port Operator on Duty of their intention to enter or depart from the port well in advance and obtain permission to pass through the approach channel. Only one way passage is permitted in the cargo area approach channel. Preference is given to vessels of 3.5 m draught or more, and when this parameter is equal to vessels leaving the port.
In the passenger area preference is given to transit passenger ships and, amongst them, to those leaving the port. Movement of vessel can be carried out only by permission of DMSP port control and a Port Operator on duty.
The port admits cargo ships of max. 4.5 m draught and max. 140 m length at births Nos. 6, 7 at the distance of 15 м from the quay wall with the draught of 5.5 m. In the passengers sector – with the draught of max. 2.9 м and max. 130 м length.
Similarly, in the passenger area, ships can have max. 2.9 m draught, and be max. 130 m long.
Vessels bound for Nikolaev River Port, after having passed from Nikolaev Sea Port waters and when navigating from the sea or pass-ing the Spasskiy channel’s second bend, moving downstream, must ask the port control and a Port Operator on duty for permission to either enter the port or lay at anchorage in its roads.
Ships’ inward formalities must be conducted at the DMSP port control office no later than 6 hrs after arrival. When the stay is shorter, both inward and outward formalities can be conducted simultaneously.
Transit ships’ departure is formalized onboard a vessel by a Port Control Officer on Duty.
Vessels’ speed in port waters must not exceed 6 knots. Movement of vessels in port waters is prohibited when visibility is less than 500 m and/ or wind speed exceeds 13 mps.
Mooring operations by all vessels in the port (excluding river-sea ships with maneuvering device) must be performed by means of tugboats. Shipmasters should submit application for tug assistance to an Operator on Duty via UHF radio min. 2 hours in advance. Mooring operations are not performed when wind speed exceeds 13 mps.
Pilotage in port waters and by mooring operations is compulsory. Shipmasters must apply to the Port Operator or their agents for a pilot 12 hours in advance and reconfirm it 2 hours before, via UHF radio to a DMSP Port Control Officer on Duty and the area operator.
There are two outer roadsteads in the cargo area waters: Western and Eastern ones.
The Western roadstead is situated on the left of the port’s approach channel and it is divided into two parts by the first bend of Spasskiy Channel: Northern and Southern ones. It provides anchorage for: 2 vessels of max. 3 m draught and 110 m length in its northern part; in the southern part – 2 vessels of max 7.8 m in draft and up to 185 m in length are to use anchors and roadstead mooring buoys, or 2 vessels of up to 6 m in draft and up to 140 m in length are to ride at anchors.
Eastern roadstead is to the right of the port approach channel axis, and it is divided into two parts by the first bend of Spasskiy Channel: northern and southern ones.
The northern part is assigned for lying of local non-self-propelled port fleet of up to 2 m draft.
The southern part is assigned for lying of one large tonnage vessel of up to 7.8 m draft and up to 185 m in length at anchors or roadstead mooring buoys.
In the southern part of port roadsteads it is possible to load vessels up to the draft of 8.5 m, and the vessels having that draft can leave the port if it is agreed with the Harbour Master on a case-by-case basis.
Anchorage No. 365, behind the left curve of the second bend of Spasskiy channel, is designed for vessels of up to 5 m draught.
The passenger area roadstead is situated behind the left curve of the fourth bend of Spassky channel.
The roadstead is assigned for anchorage of transit vessels and it can accommodate 2 vessels of up to 3 m draft and up to 110 m length.
Port self-propelled fuelers get berthed in the area of complex fleet service. Self-propelled purification plant is on the same berth.
Oil carriers can anchor in port roads when this is agreed with a Duty Inspector of DMSP Port Control, Guard Service and a Port Operator.
Vessel to shore transportation for transit vessels lying in the roadstead is supplied by port tug on the request of concerned person or via the agent with payments put in order. Movement of vessels carried out during daytime. The shipmasters of the vessels lying in the roadstead shall keep the radio switched on and tuned to VHF channel 16.
Lying abreast in port is permitted for no more than two vessels of the same type, except bulk liquid carriers.
The distance between transit vessels lying at the berth must be no less than 10 m; similarly, for local vessels, no less than 5 m.
After ice conditions are declared, ships’ traffic are subject to the Harbour Master’s permission, and mooring operations to tug assistance; moving vessels not classified for ice conditions is prohibited.
For vessels in transit through port waters, shipmasters must apply to the Harbour Master as follows: those coming from the sea – 24 hours before reaching port waters – by radio; those lying in the port – 6 hours before departure – by written application.
Nikolaev River Port can offer: collection of oily rags, dry garbage, food wastes, used oil, and of bilge waters, sewage and oily waters which are reprocessed by the port’s own purifying facility (cap.: 10 t/hr).
The port offers tug service.
The port has: a canteen, shop, medical clinic, and fitness and recreational center.
Nikolaev River Port can handle, on its own, up to 5 million t of general and bulk cargoes a year. It handles: ferrous metals, pipes, iron ore pellets, ferroalloys, ores, clay, saltpeter, coal, scrap metal, grain, packed cargoes.
Nikolaev River Port has its own cargo area and passenger area.
The entire area of the port totals 56.62 hectares; that of passenger berths and terminal covers 1.72 ha. The overall length of the cargo area berths amounts to 919.1 м – with the bank protection of the backwater’s face end, the berth in the urban settlement of Matveevka and the fecal birth (100+61.4+6.4).
Techniques have been developed for loading vessels of up to 7.8 m draught in the roads using barges with floating cranes.
The overall length of the crane rails is 1,258 m; a railroad branch is available.
Grain handling terminal
Grain is delivered from all Ukrainian regions and is supplied to 20 countries of the world. The terminal is located on the berth No. 7 and on the shore strengthening of backwater butted adjoining berths Nos. 3, 6. Grain handling capacity is 10,000 t of grain a day.
There are two overpasses having capacity of 3,000 t a day each.
The terminal has sheltered warehouses for grain storage:
For simultaneous storage one can use: 4 silo towers of 2,5